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  • Fish just want to have fun, according to a new study that finds even fish 'play'

    20 October 2014, 12:14 pm

    Biologists have documented fish playing with a bottom-weighted thermometer and other objects. Play, like much of animals' psychology including emotions, motivations, perceptions and intellect, is part of their evolutionary history and not just random,…
  • Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills

    20 October 2014, 10:55 am

    In a design that mimics a hard-to-duplicate texture of starfish shells, engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets.
  • Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture

    20 October 2014, 10:55 am

    Hydrogen responds to pressure and temperature extremes differently. Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two-atom molecule. As confinement pressure increases, the molecules adopt different states of matter -- like when water ice melts to liquid.…
  • Fairness is in the brain, scientists say

    20 October 2014, 10:53 am

    Ever wondered how people figure out what is fair? Look to the brain for the answer. According to a new brain study, people appreciate fairness in much the same way as they appreciate money for themselves, and also that fairness is not necessarily that…
  • Scientists create possible precursor to life

    20 October 2014, 10:50 am

    How did life originate? And can scientists create life? These questions not only occupy the minds of scientists interested in the origin of life, but also researchers working with technology of the future. If we can create artificial living systems, we may not…
  • Physicists build reversible laser tractor beam

    20 October 2014, 10:50 am

    Physicists have built a tractor beam that can repel and attract objects, using a hollow laser beam, bright around the edges and dark in its center. It is the first long-distance optical tractor beam, 100 times larger than previous ones.
  • 1980s American aircraft helps quantum technology take flight

    20 October 2014, 10:50 am

    The X-29, an American experimental aircraft has inspired quantum computing researchers in a development which will bring the technology out of the lab.
  • New antidepressant: Rapid agent restores pleasure-seeking ahead of other antidepressant action

    20 October 2014, 10:50 am

    A drug being studied as a fast-acting mood-lifter restored pleasure-seeking behavior independent of -- and ahead of -- its other antidepressant effects. Within 40 minutes after a single infusion of ketamine, treatment-resistant depressed bipolar disorder…
  • Earthquakes in the ocean: Towards a better understanding of their precursors

    20 October 2014, 10:49 am

    New research offers the first theoretical model that, based on fluid-related processes, explains the seismic precursors of an underwater earthquake. Using quantitative measurements, this innovative model established a link between observed precursors and the…
  • Goldilocks principle wrong for particle assembly: Too hot and too cold is just right

    20 October 2014, 10:47 am

    Microscopic particles that bind under low temperatures will melt as temperatures rise to moderate levels, but re-connect under hotter conditions, a team of scientists has found. Their discovery points to new ways to create “smart materials,” cutting-edge…
  • Origins of sex discovered: Side-by-side copulation in distant ancestors

    20 October 2014, 10:38 am

    A palaeontologist has revealed how the intimate act of sexual intercourse first evolved in our deep distant ancestors. In one of the biggest discoveries in the evolutionary history of sexual reproduction, scientists have found that internal fertilization and…
  • NASA's Mars Odyssey Orbiter watches comet fly near

    20 October 2014, 9:28 am

    The longest-lived robot ever sent to Mars came through its latest challenge in good health, reporting home on schedule after sheltering behind Mars from possible comet dust.
  • NASA's MAVEN studies passing comet and its effects

    20 October 2014, 9:26 am

    NASA's newest orbiter at Mars, MAVEN, took precautions to avoid harm from a dust-spewing comet that flew near Mars Oct. 19 and is studying the flyby's effects on the Red Planet's atmosphere.
  • NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter studies comet flyby

    20 October 2014, 9:21 am

    NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which has sent home more data about Mars than all other missions combined, is also now providing data about a comet that buzzed The Red Planet Oct. 19.
  • Head injury causes immune system to attack brain, new study finds

    20 October 2014, 9:04 am

    Scientists have uncovered a surprising way to reduce the brain damage caused by head injuries -- stopping the body's immune system from killing brain cells. A new study showed that in experiments on mice, an immune-based treatment reduced the size of brain…
  • Viagra protects the heart beyond the bedroom, study finds

    20 October 2014, 9:04 am

    Viagra could be used as a safe treatment for heart disease, finds new research. The study reveals that long-term daily treatment of Viagra can provide protection for the heart at different stages of heart disease, with few side effects.
  • Metabolic genetics research paves way to treating diabetes, obesity

    20 October 2014, 9:04 am

    Breaking down complex conditions such as Type 2 Diabetes and obesity into the specific metabolic proteins and processes that underlie them offers a new approach to studying the genetics of these diseases and how they are interrelated, according to research.
  • Head Start program benefits parents

    20 October 2014, 9:04 am

    Head Start programs may help low-income parents improve their educational status, according to a new study. The study is one of the first to examine whether a child's participation in the federal program benefits mothers and fathers -- in particular parents'…
  • New tracers can identify frack fluids in the environment

    20 October 2014, 9:03 am

    Scientists have developed geochemical tracers to identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. The tracers have been field-tested at two sites and can distinguish fracking fluids from wastewater versus…
  • Aspirin shown to benefit schizophrenia treatment

    20 October 2014, 9:01 am

    Some anti-inflammatory medicines, such as aspirin, estrogen, and Fluimucil, can improve the efficacy of existing schizophrenia treatments, new research suggests. Research has shown that the immune system is linked to certain psychiatric disorders, such as…
  • Fish intake associated with boost to antidepressant response

    20 October 2014, 9:01 am

    Up to half of patients who suffer from major depression do not respond to treatment with Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. Now a group of researchers has carried out a study that shows that increasing fatty fish intake appears to increase the response…
  • Panic attacks associated with fear of bright daylight

    20 October 2014, 9:01 am

    Fear of bright daylight is associated with panic disorder, according to new research. Panic disorder is where a person has recurring and regular panic attacks. It appears to be about twice as common in women as it is in men. Previous studies have shown that…
  • Group B streptococcus incidence rises significantly among newborns despite widespread adoption of…

    20 October 2014, 9:01 am

    Group B streptococcus, a major cause of serious infectious diseases including sepsis, meningitis, and pneumonia, has increased by about 60% among infants younger than 3 months in the Netherlands over the past 25 years despite the widespread use of prevention…
  • Work to improve children's health should start before mother becomes pregnant

    20 October 2014, 9:01 am

    The key to making future generations healthier could lie before the mother becomes pregnant, researchers believe. In a new article, they say that a greater understanding is needed of the role of maternal nutrition in preconception and its impact on the child,…
  • Later supper for blackbirds in the city: Artificial light gives birds longer to forage for food

    20 October 2014, 9:01 am

    Artificial light increases foraging time in blackbirds. Birds in city centers are active not just considerably earlier, but also for longer than their relatives in darker parts of the city. The study showed that artificial light has a considerable influence on…
  • In between red light and blue light: New functionality of molecular light switches

    20 October 2014, 9:00 am

    Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate. They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere and perform around one-quarter of the global carbon dioxide assimilation, i.e. they convert carbon dioxide into…
  • Pediatric allergology: Fresh milk keeps infections at bay

    20 October 2014, 9:00 am

    Infants fed on fresh rather than UHT cow’s milk are less prone to infection, new research suggests. The authors recommend the use of alternative processing methods to preserve the protectants found in the natural product.
  • New molecule from herb discovered, potential for drug development

    20 October 2014, 9:00 am

    A new molecule that can join together chains of amino acids – the building blocks of protein – has been discovered by researchers. Only three other known molecules have been discovered to be able to perform this function, which is an important process in…
  • Roman Gladiators ate a mostly vegetarian diet and drank a tonic of ashes after training

    20 October 2014, 9:00 am

    Roman gladiators ate a mostly vegetarian diet and drank ashes after training as a tonic. These are the findings of anthropological investigations carried out on bones of warriors found during excavations in the ancient city of Ephesos.
  • Earlier unknown molecular-level mechanism may contribute to growth rate of breast cancer

    20 October 2014, 9:00 am

    A previously unknown molecular-level mechanism that may partly explain the increased growth of cancer cells has been discovered by researchers. The study showed that high levels of miRNA-378a-5p molecule cause cell division anomalies. This renders the number…

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