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  • Do wearable lifestyle activity monitors really work?

    16 September 2014, 6:22 pm

    Wearable electronic activity monitors hold great promise in helping people to reach their wellness goals. These increasingly sophisticated devices help the wearers improve their wellness by constantly monitoring their activities and bodily responses through…
  • Boosting global corn yields depends on improving nutrient balance

    16 September 2014, 6:22 pm

    Ensuring that corn absorbs the right balance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium is crucial to increasing global yields, a study finds. A review of data from more than 150 studies from the U.S. and other regions showed that high yields were linked to…
  • Novel capability enables first test of real turbine engine conditions

    16 September 2014, 6:19 pm

    Manufactures of turbine engines for airplanes, automobiles and electric generation plants could expedite the development of more durable, energy-efficient turbine blades thanks to a new partnership. The ability to operate turbine blades at higher temperatures…
  • Study identifies when and how much various prostate cancer treatments will impact urinary and sexual…

    16 September 2014, 4:25 pm

    Men with prostate cancer may one day be able to predict when and how much various treatments will impact their urinary and sexual functioning, thanks in part to new findings.
  • Personal news cycle of African American and Hispanic news consumers

    16 September 2014, 4:24 pm

    A new national survey exploring how African Americans and Hispanics get their news reveals that the predicted digital divide, in which people of color would be left behind in the use of technology, is not playing out as many of those forecasting the digital…
  • Healthy humans make nice homes for viruses

    16 September 2014, 4:24 pm

    The same viruses that make us sick can take up residence in and on the human body without provoking a sneeze, cough or other troublesome symptom, according to new research. On average, healthy individuals carry about five types of viruses on their bodies, the…
  • Lifesaving protocol for school children with severe allergies developed

    16 September 2014, 3:52 pm

    As the number of children with food allergies in the U.S. increases, so does the risk of children having a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis on school campuses. School nurses often have treatment plans in place for…
  • Intravascular ultrasound-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion

    16 September 2014, 3:52 pm

    A new study found that intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided intervention in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) could improve outcomes compared to a conventional angiography-guided approach during percutaneous coronary intervention. The IVUS-CTO…
  • Optical coherence tomography in primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    16 September 2014, 3:52 pm

    The first randomized trial to examine serial optical coherence tomography in primary percutaneous coronary intervention was reported today.
  • Nanoribbon film keeps glass ice-free

    16 September 2014, 3:52 pm

    Scientists who created a deicing film for radar domes have now refined the technology to work as a transparent coating for glass. The new work could keep glass surfaces from windshields to skyscrapers free of ice and fog while retaining their transparency to…
  • Don't underestimate your mind's eye: Objects don't need to be seen to impact decision-making

    16 September 2014, 2:28 pm

    Objects in our visual environment needn't be seen in order to impact decision making, according to new research. Take a look around, and what do you see? Much more than you think you do, thanks to your finely tuned mind's eye, which processes images without…
  • Computerized emotion detector

    16 September 2014, 2:15 pm

    Face recognition software measures various parameters in a mug shot, such as the distance between the person's eyes, the height from lip to top of their nose and various other metrics and then compares it with photos of people in the database that have been…
  • The genetics of coping with HIV

    16 September 2014, 2:15 pm

    We respond to infections in two fundamental ways. One is 'resistance,' where the body attacks the invading pathogen and reduces its numbers. Another, which is much less well understood, is 'tolerance,' where the body tries to minimize the damage done by the…
  • Impact that doomed the dinosaurs helped the forests bloom

    16 September 2014, 2:15 pm

    Some 66 million years ago, a 10-km diameter chunk of rock hit the Yucatan peninsula with the force of 100 teratons of TNT. It left a crater more than 150 km across, and the resulting megatsunami, wildfires, global earthquakes and volcanism are widely accepted…
  • Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests

    16 September 2014, 2:15 pm

    The impact decimated slow-growing evergreens and made way for fast-growing, deciduous plants, according to a study applying biomechanical analyses to fossilized leaves. The study provides much-needed evidence for how the extinction event unfolded in the plant…
  • Access to female-controlled contraception needed in intimate partner violence

    16 September 2014, 2:15 pm

    Access to female-controlled contraceptive methods must be improved in order to help women and girls to counteract any risks to their reproductive health caused by intimate partner violence and reproductive coercion, according to experts.
  • World Health Organization policy improves use of medicines

    16 September 2014, 2:15 pm

    Medical researchers evaluated data on reported adherence to World Health Organization essential medicines practices and measures of quality use of medicines from 56 low and middle income countries for 2002-2008. They compared the countries' government-reported…
  • Study on global carbon cycle may require reappraisal of climate events in Earth's history

    16 September 2014, 1:25 pm

    A recent study of the global carbon cycle offers a new perspective of Earth's climate records through time. Scientists suggest that one of the current methods for interpreting ancient changes in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and oceans…
  • First water-based nuclear battery can be used to generate electrical energy

    16 September 2014, 1:25 pm

    For the first time using a water-based solution, researchers have created a long-lasting and more efficient nuclear battery that could be used for many applications such as a reliable energy source in automobiles and also in complicated applications such as…
  • Slowed processing speed linked with executive deficits in multiple sclerosis

    16 September 2014, 1:25 pm

    A new study supports the role of slowed processing speed in the executive deficits found in individuals with multiple sclerosis. Following this study, experts say that MS cognitive research should focus on two key domains -- processing speed and memory.
  • Scientists twist radio beams to send data: Transmissions reach speeds of 32 gigibits per second

    16 September 2014, 1:25 pm

    Researchers twist four radio beams together to achieve high data transmission speeds. The researchers reached data transmission rates of 32 gigabits per second across 2.5 meters of free space in a basement lab. For reference, 32 gigabits per second is fast…
  • Tornadoes occurring earlier in 'Tornado Alley'

    16 September 2014, 1:25 pm

    Peak tornado activity in the central and southern Great Plains is occurring up to two weeks earlier than it did half a century ago.
  • Patients waiting too long to see the doctor? Try 'just-in-time' management methods, researchers urge

    16 September 2014, 1:23 pm

    Using a pain clinic as a testing ground, researchers have shown that a management process first popularized by Toyota in Japan can substantially reduce patient wait times and possibly improve the teaching of interns and residents.
  • From sea to shining sea, politics divide coastal residents' views of environment

    16 September 2014, 12:37 pm

    From the salmon-rich waters of Southeast Alaska to the white sand beaches of Florida's Gulf Coast to Downeast Maine's lobster, lumber and tourist towns, coastal residents around the US share a common characteristic: their views about coastal environments…
  • For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges

    16 September 2014, 12:37 pm

    Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling 'colossal.' In short, they have engineered this material to perform…
  • Camera sheds light on mate choice of swordtail fish

    16 September 2014, 12:36 pm

    We have all seen a peacock show its extravagant, colorful tail feathers in courtship of a peahen. Now, a group of researchers has used a special camera to discover that female northern swordtail fish choose their mates based on a similar display.
  • Reducing pesticides, adding sound vibrations and boosting harvests

    16 September 2014, 12:29 pm

    Scientists are experimenting with sound vibrations to replace pesticides. Adapting different eco-friendly methods they are able to boost harvests and open up a new chapter in sustainable farming.
  • Ebola outbreak 'out of all proportion' and severity cannot be predicated, expert says

    16 September 2014, 12:29 pm

    A mathematical model that replicates Ebola outbreaks can no longer be used to ascertain the eventual scale of the current epidemic, finds new research.
  • 'Compassionate use' and other means of accessing unproven, unapproved treatments could impact…

    16 September 2014, 12:28 pm

    Patients facing death or irreversible disease progression -– most of whom have exhausted all approved treatment options -- sometimes seek access to unapproved and unproven interventions. This type of access, often referred to as “compassionate use,” is…
  • Patients who never smoked or who quit smoking have lower risk of developing secondary cancers

    16 September 2014, 11:29 am

    Non-small cell lung cancer survivors who never smoked or who are former smokers at the time of diagnosis have a lower risk of developing secondary primary lung cancers compared to those who are current smokers, suggesting that increased tobacco exposure is…

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