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  • College education not always about what you have, but how you use it

    19 August 2014, 12:59 pm

    Students who have books and computers at home, who take extramural cultural classes, and whose parents give advice and take part in school activities are most likely to enroll for a four-year college degree. Also, more American black students -- irrespective…
  • Ruxolitinib for myelofibrosis: Indication of considerable added benefit

    19 August 2014, 12:59 pm

    In comparison with 'best supportive care', there is an indication that the new drug is better at relieving symptoms, and a hint of longer survival. Myelofibrosis is a rare disease of the bone marrow, in which the bone marrow is replaced by connective tissue.…
  • Perampanel for epilepsy: Still no proof of added benefit

    19 August 2014, 12:59 pm

    In its second dossier, the drug manufacturer deviated from the appropriate comparator therapy and again provided no relevant data for the assessment of the added benefit of perampanel, experts report.
  • Does love make sex better for most women?

    19 August 2014, 12:59 pm

    Love and commitment can make sex physically more satisfying for many women, according to a sociologist. The benefits of being in love with a sexual partner are more than just emotional. Most of the women in the study said that love made sex physically more…
  • Fruit, vegetable intake still too low; human nutritionist says to focus on lunch

    19 August 2014, 12:59 pm

    Children between the ages of 2 and 18 are eating more whole fruits and drinking less fruit juice, a new report finds after the implementation of a new program. However, vegetable intake remains the same, they say. One expert says the switch from fruit juice to…
  • Genetic key to lupus shows potential of personalized medicine

    19 August 2014, 11:31 am

    DNA sequencing of a lupus patient has identified a specific genetic mutation that is causing the disease, opening the way for personalized treatments. Researchers identified a variant in the TREX1 gene. This mutation caused the patient's cells to produce a…
  • Women will benefit from the Affordable Care Act's contraceptive coverage

    19 August 2014, 11:31 am

    Women could benefit greatly from the Affordable Care Act's mandate for contraceptive coverage, according to researchers. The Affordable Care Act requires private insurance plans -- except those grandfathered or exempted due to employers' religious beliefs --…
  • Intimacy a strong motivator for PrEP HIV prevention

    19 August 2014, 11:30 am

    Many HIV-negative gay or bisexual men in steady relationships with other HIV-negative men don't always use condoms out of a desire for intimacy. That same desire, according to a new study, makes such men more inclined to use antiretroviral medications to…
  • Taking a stand: Balancing the benefits, risks of physical activity in children

    19 August 2014, 11:30 am

    Today the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology took a stand on the promotion of childhood physical activity. This position stand provides an important overview of knowledge in the area of risk of physical activity for children and suggests both practical…
  • The difficult question of Clostridium difficile

    19 August 2014, 11:30 am

    Clostridium difficile is a major problem as an aetiological agent for antibiotic-associated diarrhea. The mechanism by which the bacterium colonizes the gut during infection is poorly understood, but undoubtedly involves a myriad of components present on the…
  • Opioid users breathe easier with novel drug to treat respiratory depression

    19 August 2014, 11:29 am

    People taking prescription opioids to treat moderate to severe pain may be able to breathe a little easier, literally. A study has found that a new therapeutic drug, GAL-021, may reverse or prevent respiratory depression, or inadequate breathing, in patients…
  • Key to saving lives: Hands-only CPR

    19 August 2014, 11:28 am

    Cardiac arrest – an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and disrupts the flow of blood to the brain, lungs and other organs - is a leading cause of death. Each year, over 420,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests…
  • Study of African dust transport to South America reveals air quality impacts

    19 August 2014, 9:40 am

    A new study that analyzed concentrations of African dust transported to South America shows large seasonal peaks in winter and spring. These research findings offer new insight on the overall human health and air quality impacts of African dust, including the…
  • Economists: Shale oil 'dividend' could pay for smaller carbon footprint

    19 August 2014, 9:40 am

    Unanticipated economic benefits from the shale oil and gas boom could help offset the costs of substantially reducing the US's carbon footprint, agricultural economists say. Using an economic model, they found that "spending" part of this dividend on slashing…
  • Hope for healthy hearts revealed in naked mole rat studies

    19 August 2014, 9:40 am

    The naked mole rat, the longest lived of rodents, shows superior cardiovascular function to old age in two studies. Cardiovascular disease is the greatest killer of humans the world over, presenting huge financial and quality-of-life issues. It is well known…
  • Bigger weddings, fewer partners, less 'sliding' linked to better marriages

    19 August 2014, 9:40 am

    The more people who attend your wedding and the fewer relationships you had prior to marriage, the more likely you are to report a high-quality marriage, a study concludes. The study challenges the idea that "what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas" -- the…
  • Graphene rubber bands could stretch limits of current healthcare, new research finds

    19 August 2014, 8:34 am

    A new type of sensor that can monitor body movements and could help revolutionize healthcare is described in a new study. "These sensors are extraordinarily cheap compared to existing technologies. Each device would probably cost pennies, making it ideal…
  • The mystery of cell proliferation: Matching histone to DNA

    19 August 2014, 8:32 am

    Before cells divide, they create so much genetic material that it must be wound onto spools before the two new cells can split apart. These spools are actually proteins called histones, and they must multiply at the same moment that the cell doubles its DNA.…
  • Innate lymphoid cells elicit T cell responses

    19 August 2014, 8:32 am

    In case of an inflammation, the body releases substances that increase the immune defense. During chronic inflammation, this immune response gets out of control and can induce organ damage. A research group has now discovered that innate lymphoid cells become…
  • Bacteria detected in food may cause risks to unborn children

    19 August 2014, 8:32 am

    At least 10 percent of the fresh cheese, sausages and meats sold in markets and on the street may be contaminated, Mexican research suggests. Human listeriosis is a disease with a high mortality rate (20 to 30 percent) leading to severe diseases such as…
  • Surviving attack of killer microbes

    19 August 2014, 8:32 am

    The ability to find food and avoid predation dictates whether most organisms live to spread their genes to the next generation or die trying. But for some species of microbe, a unique virus changes the rules of the game. This unusual virus turns some…
  • Sequencing at sea: Performing real-time DNA sequencing in the middle of Pacific Ocean

    19 August 2014, 8:32 am

    Scientists overcame equipment failure, space constraints and shark-infested waters to do real-time DNA sequencing in a remote field location. Despite the setbacks, the researchers successfully collected samples, sequenced DNA, and developed new research…
  • Anesthesia professionals not sufficiently aware of risks of postoperative cognitive side effects

    19 August 2014, 8:32 am

    Postsurgical cognitive side effects can have major implications for the level of care, length of hospital stay, and the patient's perceived quality of care, especially in elderly and fragile patients. A nationwide survey of Swedish anesthesiologists and nurse…
  • Deaths rise with shift from in-hospital to outpatient procedures for common urology surgeries, study…

    19 August 2014, 8:29 am

    As hospitals have shifted an array of common urological surgeries from inpatient procedures to outpatient, potentially preventable deaths have increased following complications. The study also identified older, sicker, minority patients and those with public…
  • Natural (born) killer cells battle pediatric leukemia

    19 August 2014, 8:29 am

    A select team of immune-system cells can be multiplied in the lab, creating an army of natural killer cells that can be used to destroy leukemia cells, researchers report. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer of childhood. This disease…
  • Neglected boys may turn into violent adolescents

    18 August 2014, 10:48 pm

    Parents who physically neglect their boys may increase the risk that they will raise violent adolescents, according to sociologists. Examples of physical neglect include not taking a sick or injured child to the doctor, improperly clothing a child and not…
  • Minor variations in ice sheet size can trigger abrupt climate change

    18 August 2014, 10:48 pm

    Small fluctuations in the sizes of ice sheets during the last ice age were enough to trigger abrupt climate change, scientists have found. The team compared simulated model data with that retrieved from ice cores and marine sediments in a bid to find out why…
  • Hospital superbug breakthrough: Antibacterial gel kills Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococci and…

    18 August 2014, 10:48 pm

    Scientists have made a breakthrough in the fight against the most resistant hospital superbugs. The team have developed the first innovative antibacterial gel that acts to kill Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococci and E.coli using natural proteins. The gels…
  • Clinical practice guidelines: Trying to get them right the first time

    18 August 2014, 10:46 pm

    The common thought in the medical community is that the randomized, controlled trial is the gold standard in medical research. Findings from these studies are thought to be most reliable and are often endorsed by guideline-making organizations and brought into…
  • Most complete Antarctic map for climate research made public

    18 August 2014, 8:41 pm

    A new satellite image of Antarctica has been made available to the public, and the imagery will help scientists all over the world gain new insight into the effects of climate change. Using Synthetic Aperture Radar with multiple polarization modes aboard the…

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