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  • Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

    23 September 2014, 10:19 am

    Pattern formation is essential in the development of animals and plants. The central problem in pattern formation is how can genetic information be translated in a reliable manner to give specific spatial patterns of cellular differentiation.
  • Narwhal tusk length linked to testes mass suggesting its purpose is for attracting females

    23 September 2014, 10:00 am

    (Phys.org) —A team of researchers studying narwhal and beluga whales in their native Arctic ecosystem has found what appears to be a correlation between testes mass and tusk length in narwhals—suggesting the horn-like appendage exists as a means for males…
  • New hope for beloved family pets

    23 September 2014, 9:20 am

    Nearly one out of four dogs will develop cancer in their lifetime and 20 per cent of those will be lymphoma cases.
  • Termites evolved complex bioreactors 30 million years ago

    23 September 2014, 9:07 am

    Achieving complete breakdown of plant biomass for energy conversion in industrialized bioreactors remains a complex challenge, but new research shows that termite fungus farmers solved this problem more than 30 million years ago. The new insight reveals that…
  • Norfolk Island's endangered Green Parrot numbers on the rise

    23 September 2014, 8:50 am

    The population of the critically endangered Green Parrot (Cyanoramphus cookii) on Norfolk Island is on the rise, thanks to an intensive collaboration between Massey University researchers and Norfolk Island National Park (NINP) ecologists and rangers.
  • Prevention is better than cure say racehorse owners

    23 September 2014, 8:33 am

    Prevention is better than cure: and no more so when it comes to injuries to racehorses, which can easily end a champion's career.
  • Chimpanzees raised as pets or performers suffer long-term effects on their behavior

    23 September 2014, 7:43 am

    Although the immediate welfare consequences of removing infant chimpanzees from their mothers are well documented, little is known about the long-term impacts of this type of early life experience. In a year-long study, scientists from Lincoln Park Zoon…
  • Preserving crucial tern habitat in Long Island Sound

    23 September 2014, 6:40 am

    Great Gull Island is home to one of the most important nesting habitats for Roseate and Common terns in the world. The estimated 1,300 pairs of Roseate terns that summer on the 17-acre island at the eastern end of Long Island Sound represent the largest…
  • California's sea otter numbers holding steady

    23 September 2014, 6:20 am

    When a sea otter wants to rest, it wraps a piece of kelp around its body to hold itself steady among the rolling waves. Likewise, California's sea otter numbers are holding steady despite many forces pushing against their population recovery, according to the…
  • Cichlid fish genome helps tell story of adaptive evolution

    23 September 2014, 6:10 am

    (Phys.org) —Roughly 40 million years ago, a handful of species of fish from the Nile River went into three lakes in Africa and experienced an unusual flurry of evolution. In one of these lakes as many as 500 new species emerged in fewer than 100,000 years.
  • From sharks to baboons - insights into the wildlife wars

    23 September 2014, 6:05 am

    "In Australia the culling of sharks and the killing of crocodiles after human attacks are instances of the 'wildlife wars' taking place worldwide."
  • Preferences for manly men and feminine women linked to urbanization

    23 September 2014, 5:28 am

    (Phys.org) —Preferences for highly masculine men and feminine women may emerge only in highly developed environments, according to new research from Brunel University London and the University of Bristol.
  • Turning winery waste into biofuels

    23 September 2014, 5:26 am

    Researchers at Swinburne University of Technology have developed a technique for converting winery waste into compounds that could have potential value as biofuels or medicines.
  • Food affected by Fukushima disaster harms animals, even at low-levels of radiation

    22 September 2014, 11:00 pm

    Butterflies eating food collected from cities around the Fukushima nuclear meltdown site showed higher rates of death and disease, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology.
  • 22 elephants poached in Mozambique in two weeks

    22 September 2014, 4:30 pm

    Poachers slaughtered 22 elephants in Mozambique in the first two weeks of September, environmentalists said Monday, warning that killing for ivory by organised syndicates was being carried out on an "industrialised" scale.
  • Mown grass smell sends SOS for help in resisting insect attacks, researchers say

    22 September 2014, 4:16 pm

    The smell of cut grass in recent years has been identified as the plant's way of signalling distress, but new research says the aroma also summons beneficial insects to the rescue.
  • Can tapioca replace corn as the main source for starch sweeteners?

    22 September 2014, 4:06 pm

    Cassava, also known as tapioca, has large starch-filled roots and can grow at high yields in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America where corn and sugarcane are not commonly grown. With the availability of novel enzymes and processes designed to break down…
  • Genetic switch regulates a plant's internal clock based on temperature

    22 September 2014, 3:49 pm

    Scientists have discovered a key molecular cog in a plant's biological clock – one that modulates the speed of circadian (daily) rhythms based on temperature.
  • Plant variants point the way to improved biofuel production

    22 September 2014, 3:00 pm

    Manufacturing biofuels from food crop by-products such as straw could be made quicker and cheaper thanks to the work of scientists in the UK and France.
  • Antifreeze proteins in Antarctic fishes prevent freezing... and melting

    22 September 2014, 3:00 pm

    Antarctic fishes that manufacture their own "antifreeze" proteins to survive in the icy Southern Ocean also suffer an unfortunate side effect, researchers report: The protein-bound ice crystals that accumulate inside their bodies resist melting even when…
  • Project launched to study evolutionary history of fungi

    22 September 2014, 11:47 am

    The University of California, Riverside is one of 11 collaborating institutions that have been funded a total of $2.5 million by the National Science Foundation for a project focused on studying zygomycetes – ancient lineages of fungi that include plant…
  • Pakistan releases smuggled turtles into the wild

    22 September 2014, 11:20 am

    Pakistani officials and environmentalists on Monday released some 200 rare turtles into the River Indus after the reptiles were retrieved from a southwestern Chinese town where they were seized by customs officials.
  • The accelerator of molecular motors: What drives peroxisomes to degrading pollutants

    22 September 2014, 9:06 am

    Peroxisomes are vital cell components that degrade cellular toxins and long-chain fatty acids. Their malfunction may result in severe, often lethal disorders. RUB researchers—Medical Faculty—have been studying the precise working mechanisms of peroxisomes…
  • Chapman River corridor the focus of revegetation efforts

    22 September 2014, 8:50 am

    The Geraldton Community Nursery is working to regenerate and revegetate critical areas of denuded natural growth, including the Chapman River wildlife corridor.
  • Different watering regimes boost crop yields

    22 September 2014, 8:30 am

    Watering tomato plants less frequently could improve yields in saline conditions, according to a study of the impact of water and soil salinity on vegetable crops.
  • Livingstone beetle specimens found after 150 years

    22 September 2014, 8:10 am

    Dr David Livingstone's only known beetle specimens have been discovered at the Museum - 150 years after he brought them back from Africa.
  • Woolly mammoth genome sequencer at UWA

    22 September 2014, 6:50 am

    How can a giant woolly mammoth which lived at least 200,000 years ago help to save the Tasmanian Devil from extinction? The answer lies in DNA, the carrier of genetic information.
  • Geometry, programmed death might have enabled evolution of multicellularity

    22 September 2014, 6:26 am

    Geometry and programmed cell death may have helped along the evolution of multicellular life, according to new research led by SFI Omidyar Fellow Eric Libby.
  • Big science from small insects

    22 September 2014, 6:16 am

    Anniversaries are often a time to look back. But after taking stock of the past, it can be just as important to look to the future.
  • Researcher developing wheat that does not sprout when exposed to wet harvest conditions

    22 September 2014, 5:52 am

    Visiting scientist Dae Wook Kim hopes to develop a line of Korean wheat that does not sprout when exposed to wet harvest conditions, thanks to genetic screening techniques he learned at South Dakota State University.

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