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  • Breaking down DNA by genome

    31 October 2014, 7:33 pm

    New DNA sequencing technologies have greatly advanced genomic and metagenomic studies in plant biology. Scientists can readily obtain extensive genetic information for any plant species of interest, at a relatively low cost, rapidly accelerating the pace of…
  • Wolf-like animal seen roaming in northern Arizona

    31 October 2014, 3:00 pm

    An animal resembling a gray wolf has been spotted roaming the far reaches of northern Arizona, officials said Thursday, and tests are planned to determine exactly what it is.
  • Team publishes evidence for natural alternative to antibiotic use in livestock

    31 October 2014, 2:35 pm

    Today the leading journal PLOS ONE published research that provides underlying scientific support for a fundamentally new type of natural alternative to the use of antibiotics in livestock feeds for growth promotion and disease prevention. The paper is the…
  • Scientists seek cure for devastating witches' broom disease of the chocolate tree

    31 October 2014, 1:45 pm

    In the early 1900s, Brazil was the world's largest producer of cocoa. Chocolate trees (Theobroma cacao) were cultivated in a 800, 000 ha region of rainforest in the state of Bahia, beneath a dense canopy of native shade trees. Whereas the surrounding…
  • Is fleet diversity key to sustainable fisheries?

    31 October 2014, 12:50 pm

    Concern about fisheries is widespread around the world. Over the past several decades, a robust discussion has taken place concerning how to manage fisheries better to benefit ecosystems and humans. Much of the discussion has focused on preserving biological…
  • Strange, fanged deer persists in Afghanistan

    31 October 2014, 12:06 pm

    More than 60 years after its last confirmed sighting, a strange deer with vampire-like fangs still persists in the rugged forested slopes of northeast Afghanistan according to a research team led by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), which confirmed the…
  • Green spaces don't ensure biodiversity in urban areas

    31 October 2014, 12:06 pm

    Planting trees and creating green space in cities is good for attracting species, but it may not be enough to ensure biodiversity in built environments, a University of Iowa study has found.
  • Captive rhinos exposed to urban rumbles

    31 October 2014, 11:00 am

    The soundtrack to a wild rhinoceros's life is wind passing through the savannah grass, birds chirping, and distant animals moving across the plains. But a rhinoceros in a zoo listens to children screaming, cars passing, and the persistent hum of urban life.
  • 'Divide and rule'—raven politics

    31 October 2014, 9:29 am

    Mythology has attributed many supernatural features to ravens. Studies on the cognitive abilities of ravens have indeed revealed that they are exceptionally intelligent. Ravens live in complex social groups and they can gain power by building social bonds that…
  • Efficient genetic editing: Scientists develop new system that could be used to treat a host of…

    31 October 2014, 9:28 am

    As potential next-generation therapeutics and research tools, few life sciences technologies hold more promise than genome-editing proteins – molecules that can be programmed to alter specific genes in order to treat or even cure genetic diseases.
  • Sugar-free candy not a sweet treat for dogs, veterinarian warns

    31 October 2014, 9:20 am

    When taking home a stash of candy, keep an eye on the sugar-free kind. While it may be a good alternative for humans, just a small amount can be life-threatening for pets, says a Kansas State University veterinarian.
  • LED lighting can significantly reduce greenhouse horticulture energy consumption

    31 October 2014, 8:50 am

    With the exception of energy consumption, where there is still much to be done, the Dutch are global leaders in greenhouse horticulture. The quality is high, and nowhere else is the use of water and pesticides so low. Even so, demand for innovation,…
  • Philippines' rare dwarf buffalo charges against extinction

    31 October 2014, 8:40 am

    The population of the Philippines' dwarf buffalo, one of the world's rarest animals, has grown to its largest since efforts to save them from extinction began, conservationists said Friday.
  • Literature searches benefit from location tagging

    31 October 2014, 6:43 am

    Agricultural Research Service ecologist Jason Karl is creating new options for helping researchers to conduct literature searches that go beyond using traditional search terms such as keywords or authors. With the help of a diverse team of collaborators, he…
  • Trout trick-or-treat: Fish gobble furry animals with four feet

    31 October 2014, 6:32 am

    Freshwater fish with bellies full of shrews – one trout a few years back was found to have eaten 19 – aren't as random as scientists have thought.
  • Scientists create mouse model to accelerate research on Ebola vaccines, treatments

    31 October 2014, 6:32 am

    In the war against Ebola, one important hurdle has just been cleared – by a mouse.
  • Himalayan Viagra fuels caterpillar fungus gold rush

    30 October 2014, 4:47 pm

    Overwhelmed by speculators trying to cash-in on a prized medicinal fungus known as Himalayan Viagra, two isolated Tibetan communities have managed to do at the local level what world leaders often fail to do on a global scale—implement a successful system…
  • Emerging disease could wipe out American, European salamanders

    30 October 2014, 2:00 pm

    A deadly disease that is wiping out salamanders in parts of Europe will inevitably reach the U.S. through the international wildlife trade unless steps are taken to halt its spread, says University of Maryland amphibian expert Karen Lips.
  • Science casts light on sex in the orchard

    30 October 2014, 2:00 pm

    Persimmons are among the small club of plants with separate sexes—individual trees are either male or female. Now scientists at the University of California, Davis, and Kyoto University in Japan have discovered how sex is determined in a species of…
  • New research show that bats will hang out with their friends this Halloween

    30 October 2014, 2:00 pm

    New research has shown that despite moving house frequently, bats choose to roost with the same social groups of 'friends'.
  • Researchers capture picture of microRNA in action

    30 October 2014, 2:00 pm

    Biologists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have described the atomic-level workings of "microRNA" molecules, which control the expression of genes in all animals and plants.
  • Study finds saving lonely species is important for the environment

    30 October 2014, 1:11 pm

    The lemur, Javan rhino and Santa Cruz kangaroo rat are all lonesome animals. As endemic species, they live in habitats restricted to a particular area due to climate change, urban development or other occurrences.
  • Female frogs modify offspring development depending on reproduction date

    30 October 2014, 1:05 pm

    Global warming is altering the reproduction of plants and animals, notably accelerating the date when reproduction and other life processes occur. A study by the University of Uppsala (Sweden), including the participation of Spanish researcher Germán…
  • Four new dragon millipedes found in China

    30 October 2014, 12:07 pm

    A team of speleobiologists from the South China Agriculture University and the Russian Academy of Sciences have described four new species of the dragon millipedes from southern China, two of which seem to be cave dwellers. The study was published in the open…
  • Peripheral clocks don't need the brain's master clock to function correctly

    30 October 2014, 12:01 pm

    Circadian clocks regulate functions ranging from alertness and reaction time to body temperature and blood pressure. New research published in the November 2014 issue of The FASEB Journal further adds to our understanding of the circadian rhythm by suggesting…
  • Blocking a fork in the road to DNA replication

    30 October 2014, 12:00 pm

    A team of Whitehead Institute scientists has discovered the surprising manner in which an enigmatic protein known as SUUR acts to control gene copy number during DNA replication. It's a finding that could shed new light on the formation of fragile genomic…
  • What's mighty about the mouse? For starters, its massive Y chromosome

    30 October 2014, 12:00 pm

    An exhaustive effort to sequence the mouse Y chromosome reveals a surprisingly large and complex biological beast, at the same time providing remarkable insight into a heated battle for supremacy between mammalian sex chromosomes.
  • Identifying the source of stem cells

    30 October 2014, 11:58 am

    When most animals begin life, cells immediately begin accepting assignments to become a head, tail or a vital organ. However, mammals, including humans, are special. The cells of mammalian embryos get to make a different first choice – to become the…
  • Scientist discovers populations of rare songbird in surprising new habitat

    30 October 2014, 9:34 am

    The Swainson's warbler (Limnothlypis swainsonii) is one of the rarest and most secretive songbirds in North America, prized by birdwatchers in the southeastern U.S. hoping to catch a glimpse of it in the wild or hear its beautiful ringing song. With only…
  • Cell division, minus the cells

    30 October 2014, 9:10 am

    (Phys.org) —The process of cell division is central to life. The last stage, when two daughter cells split from each other, has fascinated scientists since the dawn of cell biology in the Victorian era. For just as long, it has been notoriously difficult to…

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